Saturday | 02 March 2024 | 21 Shabaan 1445

Fatwa Answer

Question ID: 1425 Category: Permissible and Impermissible
Are Tdap and MMR Vaccines Halal?

Are the following vaccines Halal? :

1) Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis) Vaccine and

2) MMR Vaccine (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella)

Thank you 

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم

الجواب وباللہ التوفیق

We don't know about the components of the vaccine you have mentioned. Please send your question again by providing details of its components. 

However, a fatwa related to vaccines was issued earlier by this institution, we consider it appropriate to quote the same here for your benefit, maybe you will be guided by it. According to the ingredients in the vaccine, there are a few cases, which are as follows:

1. If the vaccine contains halal ingredients, it is correct to take it without any objection.

2. In the present circumstances, if the ingredients are not known but the prevailing impression is that in it are halal ingredients, then it is correct to take it, unless it is positively confirmed that Haram ingredients are mixed in it. 

However, it cannot be declared haram only due to the suspicion that it may have been mixed with Haram ingredients. Having said that, it is better to avoid doubtful situation. 

3. If forbidden ingredients are mixed in the vaccine and metamorphism has taken place, it then becomes permissible for use. 

Metamorphism is the alteration of the basic attributes, properties, and effects to which the prohibition order is directed shall cease. And scholars have researched and decreed this change of nature. In that case, its use will be allowed. 

4. If forbidden ingredients are mixed in the vaccine and metamorphism i.e., the basic attributes, properties, and effects have not altered, then its use is not permissible, unless there is no option available other than this vaccine. And it is the opinion of the medical experts that cure is possible by it, and there is no halal alternative to it. If so, it will be allowed to use it only as much is necessary. 

It should be noted that in case of disease, the vaccine is allowed as stipulated above. 

But if someone wants to get vaccinated only as a precaution before an illness, while it is confirmed that it is mixed with prohibited ingredients, then Its use is not permissible. 

Note: These days it has generally been declared mandatory the use of the vaccine as a precaution against certain deceases, in that situation, it follows the same order, which has been mentioned above.

However, if there is evidence of having Haram ingredients in the vaccine, then it can be used for travels if mandated, otherwise not.

Fatawi Shami:

الْأَصْلُ فِي الْأَشْيَاءِ الْإِبَاحَةُ۔ (رد المحتار: ۶/۴۵۹) 

فَإِنَّ الضَّرُورَاتِ تُبِيحُ الْمَحْظُورَاتِ (درر الحکام:۱/۴۰۴۔شامی:۳۵۳۲)

إذْ الضَّرُورَاتُ تَتَقَدَّرُ بِقَدْرِهَا(رد المحتار:۶/۳۷۰) 

مطلب في التداوي بالمحرم: (قوله: اختلف في التداوي بالمحرم) ففي النهاية عن

الذخيرة: يجوز إن علم فيه شفاء ولم يعلم دواء آخر. وفي الخانية في معنى قوله

عليه الصلاة والسلام: «إن الله لم يجعل شفاءكم فيما حرم عليكم»، كما رواه

البخاري: أن ما فيه شفاء لا بأس به كما يحل الخمر للعطشان في الضرورة۔۔۔ (قوله:

ولم يعلم دواء آخر) هذا المصرح به في عبارة النهاية كما مر وليس في عبارة

الحاوي، إلا أنه يفاد من قوله: كما رخص إلخ؛ لأن حل الخمر والميتة حيث لم يوجد

ما يقوم مقامه (رد المحتار:۱/۲۱۰) 

ثُمَّ اعْلَمْ أَنَّ الْعِلَّةَ عِنْدَ مُحَمَّدٍ هِيَ التَّغَيُّرُ وَانْقِلَابُ الْحَقِيقَةِ وَأَنَّهُ يُفْتَى بِهِ لِلْبَلْوَى كَمَا عُلِمَ

مِمَّا مَرَّ، وَمُقْتَضَاهُ عَدَمُ اخْتِصَاصِ ذَلِكَ الْحُكْمِ بِالصَّابُونِ، فَيَدْخُلُ فِيهِ كُلُّ مَا كَانَ فِيهِ

تَغَيُّرٌ وَانْقِلَابُ حَقِيقَةٍ وَكَانَ فِيهِ بَلْوَى عَامَّةٌ،(رد المحتار:۱/۳۱۶)

 

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